Publications / Situation reports

SR4: Tajikistan at a Crossroad: the Politics of Decentralisation
Luigi de Martino
(160 pages, English)
ISBN: 2-9700358-9-8

In 2002, CIMERA, the Tajik Centre for Citizenship Education (TCCE) and the Public Committee for Democratic Processes started implementing a project aimed at providing an informal platform for political discussion on the issue of centre-regions relations in Tajikistan. The project has been financed by the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In this framework several research activities were launched on topics related to regionalism and local governance, the results of which are presented in this publication. The first report by Zariv Aliev, Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Tajikistan, deals with the legal and institutional perspective of the relations between centre and regions. The two following papers be Prof. Boygmatov and Dr. Avezov, try to illustrate these relations from the budget /fiscal and economic perspective. The paper by Dr. Saodat Olimova, presents the perceptions of “regionalism” by established political and social leaders and by a group of university students. The fifth report, prepared by Dr. Stephane Dudoignon, is looking at the logics of the Tajik political system as it has been working since the signature of the peace agreement between the Rahmonov government and the then United Tajik Opposition. Two papers by Sabine Freizer and Kamol Abdullaev have been added to the present publication on the issue of local governance that are complementary to the project's research reports. In a last paper Luigi De Martino, the project director presents his own analysis of some aspects of the Tajik political situation and of the perspectives for the future.

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Table of Content   Foreword  
Current Local Government Policy Situation in Tajikistan  
Tajikistan local self-governance   Regional government in Tajikistan    Economic Aspects...    Economic Relations... Regionalism and its Perception... From Ambivalence to Ambiguity Tajikistan at a Crossroad

SR3: Image of the Woman in Central Asian Media,
Andre Loersh
(118 pages, in Russian only)

The publication is based on the research of newspaper articles published in 2002 in four Central Asian countries – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – in the national languages and in Russian. The volume contains unique factual and analytical material concerning the status of women in Central Asia, and especially the way local media cover gender issues and the image they create of women.

The authors of the volume are social scientists, journalists, gender specialists and press analysts. The main research method was structural content analysis; with in-depth interviews used as a supplementary method. Based on the research data, the authors reveal gender stereotypes, ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ images of women and the nature of gender censorship in the press of all four countries.

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SR2: Peace initiatives in Central Asia: an inventory
Luigi de Martino (December 2001)
(28 pages, in English only)

International organisations have been key partners of the “transition process” of the newly independent countries of Soviet Central Asia. Conflict Prevention/Management programmes have developed in this regions since the early 90’s. With time however, disenchantment came over the slow progress in overcoming challenges and conflicts of this “transition process”. By assessing the types of programmes supported by international donors, this research aims also to look at local mechanisms of conflict management. Reflection is made on the impact of the creation of local NGO’s as an instrument of democratisation, as well as the impact of these programmes and their bilateral aspect. The research conclude that conflict prevention programme/management programmes face the following challenge: to become more than simply an answer to short-term security concerns. 
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Table of Content    Foreword   Introduction   Methodology   Types of projects    Official conflicts Management    Conclusion and Annexes

SR1: The Media Situation in Tajikistan
André Loersch, Mark Grigorian (October 2000)
(24 pages, in English only)

Conducted by two journalists, experts in media development and media training, this research give an overview of the general weakness of the media in Tajikistan, its legal framework, its way of functioning and the possible prospects for these media to develop and engage in a debate in the society on their role in the country.
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Table of contents  Summary  Background - History  Legislation  System/structure of the Media Activities of international organizations

Report on the Media Training in South Caucasus
Shoushan Doidoyan, Shahin Rzayev, Zviad Pochkua (2001)

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The Media Situation in Uzbekistan
Shahida Tulaganova (November 2001)
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© Cimera 2001